Acne is one of the most common skin problems and affects many people’s lives. Acne is caused by overproduction of sebaceous glands, the accumulation of dead skin cells and the growth of bacteria. Acne usually appears on the face, chest, and back and manifests as pimples, blackheads, and lesions.

As a dermatologist, I have worked with many patients on the treatment of acne and in this article I will talk about the causes and treatment options of acne.

Acne Causes

Acne usually begins in adolescence, but can also occur in adults. Changes in hormone levels during puberty, especially an increase in androgens, can cause the sebaceous glands to produce more oil. Oil clogs pores and causes acne.

Other causes include genetic factors, stress, diet, medications and skin care products. Some people may be more acne prone and therefore require regular skin care and lifestyle changes.

Acne Treatment

Acne treatment can vary depending on the type and severity of the skin. The aim of the treatment is to keep the oil production under control, to open the pores and to kill the bacteria.

Some treatment options include:

Topical Treatments: Topical treatments are creams, gels, and lotions that are applied to the top layer of the skin. These are used to unclog pores, remove dead skin cells and kill bacteria. Some topical treatments, such as retinoids, help prevent acne by reducing oil production.

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are prescribed in cases where acne is severe. These drugs are used to kill bacteria. However, antibiotics can become resistant with long-term use and have side effects.

Systemic Treatments: Systemic treatments are generally used in cases where acne is severe. These treatments can be in the form of oral medications or injections. Systemic treatments may have some side effects, especially for women, and should be used with the doctor’s recommendation.

Isotretinoin: Isotretinoin is an oral medication used for severe acne. This drug reduces oil production by shrinking the sebaceous glands and helps regenerate the skin. Isotretinoin should only be used with a doctor’s prescription because of its side effects.

Other Treatments: Other treatments include procedures such as chemical peels, laser therapy, and dermabrasion. These procedures help prevent acne by clearing the top layer of skin and opening the pores.

Skin Care in Acne Treatment

Regular skin care is important in acne treatment. This includes cleansing, moisturizing and protecting the skin from the sun. Over-cleaning or over-drying can cause the skin to produce more oil and worsen acne. Therefore, the selection and use of skin care products is important.


Acne is a skin problem that many people experience. Acne treatment varies depending on the type and severity of the skin. Treatment options include topical treatments, antibiotics, systemic treatments, isotretinoin, and other procedures. In addition, regular skin care is also important in the treatment of acne. It is recommended to consult with a dermatologist to determine the best course of treatment.

Success in acne treatment depends on the treatment method and the skin type of the patient. Some treatments provide quick results, while others may take longer. Patience and regular practice are required for the treatment to be effective.

Also, some lifestyle changes are recommended for acne prevention. These changes include reducing stress, consuming a healthy diet, exercising regularly, paying attention to sleep patterns, and being mindful of choosing skin care products.

Acne is an important problem for skin health and its treatment varies depending on the type and severity of the skin. It is important to see a dermatologist to determine the best options for acne treatment and to practice regular skin care.