Choose the right sunscreen: When selecting a sunscreen, look for a product that is broad-spectrum, which means it protects against both UVA and UVB rays. The SPF (sun protection factor) should be at least 30. Higher SPFs provide more protection, but they do not last longer and should not be used as a way to extend the time you spend in the sun.

Apply sunscreen properly: Apply sunscreen generously to all exposed areas of your skin, including your face, neck, ears, and any areas not covered by clothing. Use about one ounce (a shot glass full) for every application. Make sure to apply sunscreen at least 15-30 minutes before you go outside, as it takes time for the product to be absorbed into your skin. Reapply every two hours or immediately after swimming or sweating.

Wear protective clothing: In addition to using sunscreen, it is important to cover up as much of your skin as possible. Wear a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and clothing made of tightly woven fabric, such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, and dresses. Clothing with an Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF) rating can provide extra protection.

Seek shade: The sun’s rays are the strongest between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., so try to stay out of direct sunlight during these times. Take breaks in the shade or use an umbrella to protect yourself from the sun.

Stay hydrated: Dehydration can occur quickly when you are in the sun, especially on hot days. Make sure to drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and avoid drinks with alcohol or caffeine, as they can increase dehydration.

Check your skin regularly: Examine your skin regularly for any changes, such as new moles or unusual growths. If you notice any changes, consult a dermatologist. It is also important to check your skin for signs of sun damage, such as sunburn, redness, or freckling.

By following these steps, you can help protect your skin from the damaging effects of the sun and reduce your risk of skin cancer.